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UNIT THREE

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Activity 29

The Spain Columbus Left Behind

LEFT SIDE
PAGE 64

1
WARM-UP

What images/ideas come to mind when you hear the name Christopher Columbus?

What do you think the cartoonist, Gary Larson, is saying?

CLICK
Columbus in the New World by Gary Larson
for a LARGER version.

Excerpts from the journal of Columbus.

What do you think NOW?

RIGHT SIDE
PAGE 65

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
OBJECTIVES:
  • Describe the events that led to the conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires.
  • Summarize the reasons for the rapid Spanish conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires.

3
THINKING FOCUS
 
How do you think the Aztec and Inca would react to meeting the Spanish for the first time?
 
Why were the Spanish able to take over the Aztec and Inca Empires so quickly?
 
Read page 437, Across the Centuries

What INTERNAL PROBLEMS Existed?
Read page 438, Across the Centuries
  1. The Aztec
    • Rebellions by "subject tribes" (the Tlaxcalans) - civil war
    • Increasing war costs
    • Decreasing tributes from new conquests
    • Famine
  2. The Inca
    • Two sons fighting to inherit father's throne - civil war
    • Divided the empire into northern and southern parts
    • After three years of fighting, Atahualpa emerged as the ruler of a greatly weakened empire

What ADVANTAGE Did the Spanish Have That Helped Them Defeat the Aztec and Inca Empires?
Read page 438-440, Across the Centuries
  1. Technology
    • Spanish Weapons
      • ??
      • ??
      • ??
      • ??
    • Aztec Weapons
      • ??
      • ??
      • ??
  2. Cultural Differences
    • Cortes saw the Aztec as
      • ??
      • ??
      • ??
    • Moctezuma saw Cortes as
      • The In
  3. Other Factors
    • How did Aztec "subject tribes" help the Spanish?
      • ??
    • How did disease help the Spanish?
      • ??
  4. How Did Spanish Conquest Affect Their Cultures?
    • The Aztecs
      • ??
      • ??
    • The Incas
      • ??
      • ??

 Add the Following Item to Your Glossary (25-26)
 
Conquistador
Civil War