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UNIT THREE

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Flashcard List

 
Flashcards

Grading Criteria
  • Flashcards are set up correctly.
    • Term on one side
    • Definition on one side
  • Flashcards are easy to read and understand.
  • Cards are very neatly printed.
  • Flashcard definitions are accurate with the correct definition.
  • Spelling is correct.

 
CORAL
a rocklike material made up of many skeletons from tiny sea animals
 
DIVERSIFY
to add variety;
to expand
 
MAIZE
corn
 
HIEROGYLPH
a system of writing that uses picture symbols for concepts, objects, or words
 
AQUEDUCTS
a pipe or channel used to carry water from a distant source to dry areas
 
 CHINAMPA
narrow strips of land about 300 feet long and 30 feet wide built in swampy land and used for farming in Central America, particularly by the Aztec
 
ALLIANCE
a pact or union between states in a common cause
 
CALPULLI
an Aztec settlement in which families of different social classes lived and shared the land
 
 TRIBUTE
a kind of tax paid in goods and services to the ruling government
 
TERRACE FARMING
the building of raised banks of earth on steep land for agriculture
 
CONQUISTADOR
the Spanish term for conqueror used in reference to Spaniards who came to the New World in the 1500s in search of wealth
 
CIVIL WAR
a war between factions (groups of people forming a minority in disagreement with the larger) or regions within a country
 
TREATY
an agreement in writing made between two or more countries
 
HACIENDA
plantation owned by the Spanish settlers or Catholic Church in Spanish America
 
MESTIZO
a person of Spanish and Native American ancestry
 
LINE OF DEMARCATION
an imaginary line from the North Pole to the South Pole (at about 50 degree West longitude) set forth in the 1494 Treaty of Tordeseillas;
Spain had the right to settle and trade west of the line and Portugal had the right to settle and trade east of the line 
CRIOLLOS
a person born of Spanish parents outside Spain;
often among the best educated and wealthiest people in the Spanish colonnies
 
CAUDILLOS
a military officer who rules strictly
 
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