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UNIT THREE

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Activity 27

Adventure and Profit

LEFT SIDE
PAGE 60

1
PLEASE DO NOW!

  Why do people risk their lives to explore the unknown?

Write a minimum of seven (7) lines.

In "Jurassic Park," Malcolm, the mathematician, said,
"the very nature of discovery is often a violent and destructive act."
Do you agree or disagree?  Why?

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
Create a cartoon or illustration for one of the three reasons discussed in class for the European support of exploration.
  • Include color and a caption.

RIGHT SIDE
PAGE 61

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
OBJECTIVES:
  • Discuss some of the factors that spurred Europeans' interest in exploring.
  • Tell how European demand for products from the Far East encouraged exploration.
  • Assess the role of religion in spurring exploration.

3
Exploring, Trading, and Converting
Gold, God, and Glory
Fame, Fortune, and Faith
 
Across the Centuries, page 364.

  1. How was exploration in the 1400s helped by...
    • First-hand observations of earlier explorers, such as Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta?
      • provided mapmakers with valuable geographic information
      • stimulated interest in exploration
    • The discovery of Ptolemy's map?
      • his map was more accurate than T-O maps
      • based on first-hand reports from travelers
      • reflected his knowledge of mathematics and astronomy
  2. Why did each of these groups support exploration?
    • Explorers
      • risked lives for wealth they would receive by satisfying the demand for luxury goods
    • Traders/Merchants
      • increase profits by cutting costs
      • find new markets
    • Rulers
      • break other monopolies, for example Venice's control over the Eastern Mediterranean and Genoa's control over the Western Mediterranean, and create their own
      • take care of their trade debt from their balance of trade
      • acquire bullion needed to pay their debts
    • Missionaries
      • spread Christianity
      • fight the spread of Islam, get allies
      • find the mythical ruler Prestor John

5
 
 REVIEW
 
GOLD
Europeans needed gold
to pay off
trade debts
 
GOD
Europeans wanted to convert unbelievers
to gain allies
as they fought against unbelievers (Muslims)
 
GLORY
Europeans wanted recognition
for discovering new sources of valuable resources
and new short cuts to existing resources

 Add the Following Item to Your Glossary (22-24)
 
Monopoly
Balance of Trade
Bullion